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3 Cognitive Biases Everyone Has (And How To Fight Them)

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competent and Men control like we might feelthe mind can fool In many ways we — and ononeMethod Passing through cognitive biasCognitive bias is A systematic error in thinking that occurs when the brain tries to simplify the information it is processing and interpretingit may affect the decisions and judgments we make. As Professor of Psychology at Yale University Ahn Woo Kyung recently explained NPRcognitive biases probably helped our ancestors make quick decisions to survive—but nowthese prejudices can work against us.

What are the most common cognitive biases?

there is everything a kind of cognitive biasthe anchoring bias (the tendency to categorize information about a subject based on the first facts learned about that subject) The Dunning-Kruger effect (people-Of course not you—unable to recognize one’s incompetence.

As Anne, who wrote the book Thinking 101: How to Give Better Reasons to Live Better, also explained NPR, we are all guilty of having cognitive biases.The 3 most common cognitive biases that we are all guilty It includes our tendency to overestimate our abilities, our instinct to fixate on the negative, and the best-in-class data to confirm. fixed worldview.

Overestimating our capabilities can lead to underestimating −prepare something Because we assume you can already do that.aalways stick to the negative It can get in the way of making important decisions like buying a home or changing jobs. in the meantime, be careful only Data that “confirm” what we already know can prevent us from learning or accepting other facts.

How to avoid these cognitive biases

As An Notea common strategy for avoiding cognitive biases is to recognize that we predisposition Move toward bias and pause before making decisions so you can do better question our assumptions. Bias still exists, but taking extra time to investigate what we do and why we do it reduces our tendency to make decisions based on false assumptions. can do.

Specific strategies to overcome the most common cognitive biases include over-preparing for big events, projects, or presentations. (to avoid the trap of overconfidence)make it a point to focus on both the pros and cons of the decision.Conscious attention to problems and current events From different perspectives instead of relying on us previous assumptions.

3 Cognitive Biases Everyone Has (And How To Fight Them)

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