Xi Jinping Calls for Military Buildup to ‘Protect China’s Dignity and Core Interests’

China’s President Xi Jinping said on Sunday that there would be no change to his policies of calling for accelerated military development, straining relations with Washington and tightening the ruling Communist Party’s control over society and the economy.

China’s most influential person in decades said as the party held a closely watched meeting by businesses, the government and the public for signs of official direction. It comes amid a painful recession in the world’s second largest economy and tensions with Washington and its Asian neighbors over trade, technology and security.

The Communist Party’s plan calls for building a prosperous society by the mid-20th century and restoring China to its historic role as a political, economic and cultural leader. Beijing has a growing presence abroad, including a multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative to build ports and other infrastructure in Asia and Africa, but economists say it will not reverse its market-style reforms. It warns that it can stunt growth.

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“The next five years are very important,” Xi said in a one-hour, 45-minute televised address to about 2,000 delegates in the cavernous Great Hall of the People. After coming to power in 1949, he called for the “revolution of the Chinese nation”, including reviving the party’s role as economic and social leader in a throwback to what Xi sees as the Golden Age. He repeatedly evoked his slogan, “Rebirth.”

Congress will appoint leaders for the next five years. Xi, 69, is expected to break with tradition and give himself his third five-year term as general secretary, furthering allies who share his zeal for party rule.

The Chinese Communist Party’s military wing, the People’s Liberation Army, must “protect China’s dignity and core interests,” Xi said, listing territorial and other issues the Chinese government claims are ready for war. mentioned.

With the world’s second-largest military budget after the United States, China seeks to expand its reach by developing ballistic missiles, aircraft carriers, and overseas outposts.

“We will work more quickly to modernize our military theory, personnel and weapons,” Xi said. “Strengthen the military’s strategic capabilities”

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China urges US not to be ‘troublemaker’ after warship passes Taiwan Strait

Xi cited as a success his government’s tough “zero COVID” strategy, which has shut down major cities and disrupted travel and business. I wasn’t suggesting sex.

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Parliament appoints standing committees. The line-up shows who is likely to succeed Premier Li Keqiang as top economics official and other positions in China’s ceremonial Legislative Council next year.

Analysts are watching whether a slump, with economic growth dropping to less than half of the official annual target of 5.5%, could force President Xi Jinping to compromise. This includes proponents of market-style reforms and entrepreneurs who create wealth and jobs.

Xi gave no indication as to when he would step down.

During its decade in power, Xi Jinping’s government has pursued an increasingly assertive foreign policy while tightening its control over information and dissent at home.

Beijing is at odds with governments in Japan, India and Southeast Asia over conflicting claims to the South and East China Seas and parts of the Himalayas. In response, the United States, Japan, Australia and India formed a strategic group called the Quad.

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The CCP increased its hold on state-owned industries and funded strategic initiatives aimed at fostering Chinese creators in renewable energy, electric vehicles, computer chips, aerospace, and other technologies.

That tactic sparked complaints that Beijing was improperly protecting and subsidizing fledgling creators, and then-President Donald Trump shook the global economy when he raised tariffs on Chinese imports in 2019. Trump’s successor, Joe Biden, has upheld those penalties and tightened restrictions on China’s access to US chip technology this month.

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The Chinese Communist Party has tightened its control over private sector leaders, including e-commerce giant Alibaba Group, by launching anti-monopoly, data security and other crackdowns. Under political pressure, they divert billions of dollars to chip development and other party initiatives. Stocks have plummeted in foreign exchange as the outlook is uncertain.

The party has stepped up media and internet censorship, increased public surveillance, and increased control over private life through its “social trust” initiative, which tracks individuals and punishes offenses ranging from fraud to littering.

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Last week, banners criticizing Xi Jinping and “no new coronavirus” were hung on Beijing’s main thoroughfare overpass in a rare protest. Photos from the event have been deleted from social media, and his popular WeChat messaging app has closed the account that forwarded the photos.

President Xi Jinping said the Communist Party would build “autonomy and strength” in technology by improving China’s education system and attracting foreign experts.

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At a time when other countries are easing travel restrictions and relying on more free-flowing supply chains, the president wants technology independence and “zero COVID,” said Willie Lam, a political expert at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He said it appears to be doubling down. .

Xi was joined on stage by party leaders including his predecessor as party leader, Hu Jintao, former Premier Wen Jiabao, and Song Ping, a 105-year-old party veteran who sponsored Xi Jinping’s early career. His 96-year-old former president, Jiang Zemin, who served as party leader until 2002, was not seen.

The presence of the previous leader shows that Xi Jinping has not faced serious opposition, Lam said.

“President Xi has made it clear that he intends to remain in power as long as his health permits,” he said.

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Xi did not mention Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, which Beijing has refused to criticize. He defended a crackdown on Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement, saying the party helped the former British colony “enter a new phase of restoring order and prosperity”.

The Xi Jinping government has also faced criticism for its large-scale detentions and other abuses of mostly Muslim ethnic groups and the imprisonment of government critics.

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Amnesty International warned that extending Xi’s tenure would be a “human rights catastrophe”. In addition to the situation in China, he pointed to Beijing’s efforts to “redefine the very meaning of human rights” at the United Nations.

President Xi Jinping said Beijing would refuse to give up the possibility of using force against Taiwan, an autonomous democratic island claimed by the Communist Party as its territory. After the civil war, the two split in 1949.

Beijing has stepped up efforts to intimidate Taiwanese by flying fighter jets and bombers toward the island.In August, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was named the highest-ranking US official to visit Taiwan in a quarter century After that, the campaign became even more intense.

President Xi Jinping said, “We will continue to strive for peaceful reunification.” “But we never promise to renounce the use of force, and we reserve the option to take all necessary measures.”

Taiwan’s government responded that its 23 million people have the right to decide their own future and would not accept Beijing’s demands. The government statement called on China to “abandon the imposition of political frameworks and the use of military force and coercion.”

In the 1990s, the Communist Party leadership agreed to limit the general secretary’s term to two five-year terms to prevent a repeat of decades-old power struggles. Its leader also becomes chairman of the commission that governs the military and retains the official title of president.

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In 2018, China made that intention clear by removing from the Chinese constitution a provision restricting President Xi Jinping to two terms in office. Officials said they allowed Mr. Xi to stay if reforms needed to be implemented.

The party plans to revise its charter this week to boost Xi’s status as president after adding his personal ideology, Xi Jinping Thought, at the last party congress in 2017.

Sun Yeli, a spokesperson for the convention, said on Saturday that the changes “meet new requirements to advance the development of the party,” but gave no details.

Xi Jinping Calls for Military Buildup to ‘Protect China’s Dignity and Core Interests’

Source link Xi Jinping Calls for Military Buildup to ‘Protect China’s Dignity and Core Interests’

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