Urban Indigenous Population Continues to Grow: 2021 Census

Indigenous peoples are now more likely to live in large cities than they were five years ago, according to Statistics Canada’s 2021 Census.

The city center Indigenous population of over 100,000 has increased 12.5% ​​since the last census in 2016. In terms of percentages, 44.3% of the total indigenous population lives in metropolitan centers, up from 43.1% in 2016.

The Census used people’s usual place of residence for statistics, rather than those temporarily living in urban areas to access health care and other services.

Edmonton was the city with the largest increase in the Aboriginal population, adding another 11,400 to the population base, a 15% increase. Next came Montreal, where he had 11,265 (up 32%), and Winnipeg, where he had 8,750 Indigenous peoples, up 9% from 2016. The indigenous population of Toronto has decreased slightly.

About 421,000 indigenous people will live in major cities in 2021, representing 40% of the total indigenous population. The number of people living in urban centers nearly doubled in 59% of non-status First Nations compared to 33% of status First Nations.

“The census highlights a rapidly growing Indigenous population in urban areas. Canada must recognize demographic Indigenous services and provide support,” said Aboriginal Elmer St. Pierre, national director of the People’s Congress, said. Canadian National Observer“As our growth continues to outpace that of other Canadians, the government must address our immediate needs and capitalize on the growth potential that our people offer. .”

More than half (55%) of the Métis population lives in metropolitan centers, with Winnipeg having the largest Métis population, followed by Edmonton, Calgary and Vancouver. These four cities alone accounted for her quarter of Canada’s Métis population.

In 2021, the urban Inuit population will reach 15% of the total Inuit population, up 13% from 2016. The largest Inuit population is in Ottawa Gatineau, followed by Edmonton and Montreal.

But there may still be discrepancies in census reports for those living in urban centers.

Joël Lamoureux, communications manager at Tungasuvvingat Inuit, an urban Inuit service provider based in Ottawa and Toronto, said the Inuit population in Ottawa Gatineau may be more than double what the census figures reflect. is estimated to be high.

Census takers are likely to miss people in precarious housing situations who may be couchsurfing with family and friends, Lamru said.

“Demand for our programs and services has increased consistently over the last few years and has certainly increased since the last census,” says Joël Lamoureux, Communications Manager at Tungasuvvingat Inuit.

He added that fear and distrust of the government could cause Inuit in the city not to participate in the investigation.

The population growth seen by the Tungasbingat Inuit, though not exact, can be seen in the necessary growth of their organizations.

“Demand for our programs and services has increased consistently over the past few years, and certainly since the last census,” he says.

Demand for core services, especially housing and food security, is consistently growing in Ottawa.

For example, Rhonda Huneault said: Canadian National Observer Longer food bank lines at Tungasuvvingat Inuit due to the pandemic and inflation.

But generally speaking, the Tungasbingat Inuit are “encouraged” by the growth of the Inuit population, which has increased by 70,000 since the last census, he said.

All indigenous people who responded to the census were self-identified.

Matteo Cimellaro / Local Journalism Initiative / Canada’s National Observer

Urban Indigenous Population Continues to Grow: 2021 Census

Source link Urban Indigenous Population Continues to Grow: 2021 Census

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