The Commonwealth Kingdoms are considering giving up their monarchy after the Queen’s death. Here’s what they said – National

The passing of Queen Elizabeth II has brought renewed focus to the future of the Commonwealth of Nations. Some experts predict that more regions, especially those in the Caribbean, will hastily cut ties with the monarchy.

The Commonwealth of Nations has 56 member states, but only 14 other countries, including the United Kingdom and Canada, share the British monarch as head of state. Their numbers have been declining since the organization was first established in 1926, and experts say they will continue to decline regardless of who takes the throne.

“I think[the Queen’s death]may simplify the debate, but it doesn’t change the fact that it was an ongoing process of nations becoming more independent over time,” London said. Francine McKenzie, professor of history at Western University, said, Ont.

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But in a country whose history of British colonialism and slavery is still deeply felt, some say the accession of Charles III has sparked a new wave of pro-republicanism.

In the Caribbean, indifference and even hostility to the monarchy was apparent when Prince William and Duchess Kate embarked on a much-criticized royal tour in March to mark the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee.

Protests greeted them at every stop as residents demanded an apology for the royal family’s role in slavery and colonialism. William expressed his “sorrow” at its history during his travels, but did not comply with those requests.

That tour came after Barbados became the latest federal territory to officially become a republic, in a ceremony attended by Charles himself last November.

“I think the domino effect will start,” said Philip Murphy, a professor of Commonwealth history at the University of London.

“Many of the Caribbean … have discussed becoming republics in the past.”

At the Commonwealth Summit in Rwanda in June this year, Charles appeared to accept the outcome, promising to keep the monarchy as head of state or remove it, while promising that the royal family would not interfere. He told the members that it would be up to each country to decide.

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Mackenzie said member states that chose to cut ties with the monarchy could still benefit from remaining part of the British Commonwealth, which has repeatedly pledged to support small states economically. I’m here.

For now, the move to republicanism remains a symbolic move that allows countries to further consolidate their independence on the world stage.

Here’s what each Federation realm said about their future with the Crown, and whether the Queen’s death changed anything.

Of the Caribbean territories, Jamaica has most expressed a desire to abandon the monarchy and transition to a republic.

During William and Kate’s visit, Jamaican Prime Minister Andrew Holness told the couple in front of the press that “we are moving forward” and that Jamaica intended to become an “independent, developed and prosperous country”. He said there is

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Click to play video: 'William and Kate's visit to Jamaica backfires amid royal backlash'

William and Kate’s visit to Jamaica backfired amid royal backlash

William and Kate’s visit to Jamaica backfires amid royal backlash – March 24, 2022

Despite reports earlier this year that Jamaica was ready to formally sever ties with the monarchy by August, in time for the 60th anniversary of its independence from the British Empire, officials said this summer , said it would take quite some time.

Marlene Marafu Forte, head of the newly created Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, told parliament in June that the process would most likely be completed by 2025, before the next scheduled elections. However, she confirmed that work is officially underway, culminating in a vote in parliament and a referendum.

Public opinion seems to support such a move. An August poll found that 56% of Jamaicans want the monarchy removed as head of state.

Elsewhere, Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Gaston Brown told ITV News at King Charles’ enthronement ceremony on Sept. 10 that his government will hold a referendum on whether to become a republic within the next three years. Told.

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Other countries, however, are more vague and have not set official timelines for transitions or referendums.

The day after the Queen’s death, Bahamian Prime Minister Philip Davis said a referendum to remove the monarchy as head of state was “always” on the table, acknowledging that “it’s up to us the people to decide”. emphasized.

The government of Belize, the first stop on William and Kate’s Caribbean tour, established a new People’s Constitutional Commission just days after the couple left in late March.

The Secretariat has begun consultations with citizens across the country on a planned “decolonization process” to consider whether Belize should become a republic. Government officials say talks are expected to take about a year, and are likely to eventually lead to a referendum.

In July, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves proposed a referendum on whether to keep the monarchy as head of state. In his last referendum on the issue in 2009, he had just 43% of voters in favor of a republic.

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The Death of Queen Elizabeth: Can Charles III Keep the Monarchy?

The Death of Queen Elizabeth: Can Charles III Keep the Monarchy?

Australia, New Zealand, Oceania

While secession from the monarchy seems less urgent among Oceanian nations, the seeds for such a move are beginning to be sown.

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Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese appointed Matt Thistlethwaite the country’s constitutional constitution and the possibility of a referendum to become a republic, appointing the country’s first “assistant minister for republican affairs” shortly after the May election. I was tasked with doing research.

That referendum is not expected until a second term if the Albanian government wins.

After the queen’s death, Albanians said it was “not the time” to consider replacing the head of state.

Similarly, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern told reporters last week that she would not pursue change under her government, but the country will likely become a republic “in my lifetime”. added.

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The small countries in the region have mixed prospects.

Tuvalu, the smallest of the kingdoms, launched a constitutional amendment this summer to consider whether to abolish the monarchy. Politicians argued during the debate that the Queen represented a “colonial hangover” and that her influence over that small island collection was “non-existent.”

But Papua New Guinea stands firm. When Princess Anne visited the country to celebrate her Queen’s Platinum Jubilee in April, Justin Her Tkatchenko, Minister of National Events, said the government’s relationship with the monarchy, in contrast to the Caribbean said it was “accepting”

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Public support for the monarchy has waned for years, but Canada is unlikely to pursue republicanism anytime soon.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told Global News last weekend that the complicated process of removing the monarchy as head of state was probably “unstartable” amid pressing issues such as inflation and the pursuit of reconciliation.

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Abolishing the monarchy would require unanimous agreement among the House, Senate, and all state legislatures, a feat of political maneuvering rarely seen over the years.

An Ipsos poll conducted exclusively for Global News just days after the Queen’s death last week suggested that nearly 60% of Canadians want a referendum on the future of the monarchy.

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This is up from last year, when just over half of respondents had feelings.

At the same time, the poll suggested that there was roughly equal support among those supporting both maintaining and eliminating ties with the monarchy.

— Using files from Eric Sorensen, Amanda Connolly, and Reuters

© 2022 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

The Commonwealth Kingdoms are considering giving up their monarchy after the Queen’s death. Here’s what they said – National

Source link The Commonwealth Kingdoms are considering giving up their monarchy after the Queen’s death. Here’s what they said – National

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