We have witnessed the truisms of American politics in recent days.
The commotion of immigrants traveling on buses across the United States is a classic example of how sincere efforts to fix the system are overshadowed by political bombast.
It is widely agreed that the current situation is a mess.
Virtually every nook and cranny of U.S. immigration policy is accumulating dust after years of inaction, plagued with all the inefficiencies from humanitarian incidents to business visa.
One long-time analyst believes there is broad public support for some common sense reforms but believes it’s easier to fight than compromise politically, so the two parties are unlikely to get there. I say that I can’t do it.
“It’s a problem,” said Teresa Cardinal-Brown, managing director of immigration and cross-border policy at the Center for Bipartisan Policy, a Washington think tank.
“It only prolongs things and makes them worse.”
being Proven More recently, in dramatic fashion, governors of southern red states have sent immigrants further north by plane or bus to iconic locations.
To wealthy Martha’s Vineyard. To the gate outside the Vice President’s Washington residence.Perhaps next to the president’s home state of Delaware, their machinations have sparked glowing repercussions, at least a criminal investigationHere are some basic details on issues where the facts are often lost.
they are not illegal immigrants
It is perfectly legal to apply for asylum upon arrival in the United States. About 300,000 people are expected to attend this year.
To qualify, you must prove persecution Because of race, national origin, religion, political opinion, or affiliation with a particular group.
Most of the immigrants sent to Martha’s Vineyard off the coast of Massachusetts and to the residence of Vice President Kamala Harris were from Venezuela and likely alleging political persecution by the authoritarian government.
Among them is one man who said he took a 40-day walk from South America with his wife. Then, when we arrived in Texas, we were directed to a bus to Washington.
He knew they were heading for the U.S. capital, but he didn’t expect to be dropped off in a wooded area in the exurbs outside of the Vice President’s estate.
“It’s been a hard journey. A hard, hard, hard journey,” he said of the 40-day ordeal. The man said he plans to find transportation to New York City next.
Another man described a nightmare trek. notorious deadly Jungle pass: “I saw a lot of people dying in the jungle,” David Morales told Reuters.
He and others were given refreshments by Texas officials and sent north. He was also surprised to be dropped off in a residential neighborhood at dawn.
Many immigrants stay illegally
Not everyone wins an asylum case. actually, less than half Accept their claims. In the Trump era, it dropped to less than a third.
Ultimately, some of those ordered to leave the country do not appear in court.
According to 2017 federal statistics, 11% of asylum seekers and 28% of all immigration applicants failed to show up when judges issued their dismissal orders. It was published by the U.S. Department of Justice.
Some of those people eventually join the ranks of 10 million or more Presumed to be in the US without legal papers.
why this happens
Here everyone starts yelling at each other. There are several major problems plaguing the U.S. immigration system, and people tend to take selective responsibility depending on their political leanings.
The asylum system is clearly broken.
Understaffed immigration courts were unable to keep up with the mountain of cases, and this has been true for some time.
Still, caseloading became more difficult and delays were longer in recent years. Rising rejection rates have led to more appeals and more paperwork.
The average wait time for unhandled cases is now nearly five yearsaccording to data researchers at Syracuse University.
Further complicating matters is the relationship with the Mexican government and certain countries in Latin America.
Mexico agreed to take back some asylum seekers from some countries, but not from Venezuela, Nicaragua or Cuba.
Cardinal Brown said: “Talk is coming back to other Venezuelans.
“now [human] Smugglers are saying, “Hey, Venezuelans are being let into the country.” Doing so will encourage others to come. ”
Republicans, on the other hand, are blaming the Biden administration itself.
President Joe Biden this summer Finished The so-called Residency Program in Mexico, enacted by then-President Donald Trump.
The now-defunct policy forced tens of thousands of asylum seekers to remain in Mexico while their cases were pending.
The United States has a small proportion of immigrants
You can’t tell from the political debate, but the United States has a lower than average percentage of people born abroad. Developed country It’s not even close to Canada or most other English-speaking countries.
In the US, just over 13% of the population was born elsewhere.that is include Estimated undocumented population.
This has received less attention than the more dramatic trendline, where the current percentage is three times higher than it was in the 1960s, the highest percentage in the past century.
More than 44 million people born elsewhere now live in the United States, more than the entire population of Canada.
Why bus stunts are happening now
The immigrant population has grown steadily for decades.
Just this week, the United States achieved an unprecedented milestone. 2 million immigrants Arrested by Border Patrol in 2022.
Republicans Call This A Crisis, And It’s Central message in the party’s campaign for the November midterm elections.
But Cardinal Brown says the numbers can also be read backwards. That is, evidence of dominance at the border.
“Republicans are yelling, ‘Open borders, open borders, open borders,’ and that’s objectively untrue,” she said.
“Because the number of arrests says we are strengthening our borders. I guess.”
It’s worth noting that the immigrant-sending governor is not only primed for re-election this fall, but is thought to have higher ambitions. It’s the President of the United States.
Ron DeSantis of Florida flew in from another state in Texas to pick up immigrants and send them to Martha’s Vineyard.
He said he did it to send a message to Biden.
“People are talking about it now. We want a solution as Americans.”
But it’s clear he made that statement on Fox News.
It also reported that someone leaked information to Fox News when Texas Governor Greg Abbott sent immigrants to the Vice President’s front gate.
Fox News was already there before dawn, waiting for a bus, but the humanitarian workers who were supposed to meet the bus were on the other side of town at the regular bus terminal, so they rushed out. I had to.
Fox News is usually not the most efficient way to message members of the Biden administration.
But it’s a highly effective way to reach tens of millions of Republican voters ahead of the midterm elections and the 2024 presidential primary.
solution.Some are hard, some are easy
Immigration reform has been the holy grail for generations of US politicians, from George W. Bush to Barack Obama to Donald Trump.
all of them, even trumpsimplify highly skilled immigration, strengthen border security, normalize the situation of some undocumented people.
No sign of that as political leaders in Congress, especially Republicans, are frozen many yearsfear of provocative compromise backlash.
However, some administrative changes are possible without passing new immigration laws.
it’s already happening.
The new infrastructure law passed last year includes: Billions Dollars to modernize border facilities, roads and equipment.
Biden also recently over $20 billion For more staff in border and immigration courts.
Cardinal Brown, paper Last year there were numerous proposals aimed at making the asylum process faster, safer and more humane.
Her proposals include a new processing facility near the border with separate spaces for families and children, and a new border court staffed by newly hired judges who handle only immigration cases.
She says some of these changes will require budgetary approval from Congress but will be easier to achieve than broader reforms.
“There is a lot that can be done administratively,” she said. “Governments need to prioritize controlling those who arrive. They can do that.”
Lies, damning lies, immigration statistics: The facts of the US immigration debate
Source link Lies, damning lies, immigration statistics: The facts of the US immigration debate