An alliance struck this week between the governments of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has revealed key disagreements that could determine the future of hydrogen in the global economy.
At the heart of the disagreement is what is considered “clean” hydrogen. Germany believes gas could be used in the future to clean up heavily polluting industries such as cement and steel manufacturing, but the solution to climate change is to use renewable energy. Gas must be produced (called green hydrogen). Canada is developing hydrogen made from fossil fuel natural gas and carbon capture technology that prevents most (but not all) of the greenhouse gases that cause global warming from reaching the atmosphere (called blue hydrogen). I would like a broader definition that includes
In the days leading up to the announcement, Canadian officials stressed the deal’s climate credibility and its importance to Europe’s energy security. They chose to sign a letter of intent in Stephenville, NL, where a company called World Energy GH2 plans to build a wind-powered, zero-emission plant that will produce hydrogen for export.
On the same day that the partnership was signed, EverWind Fuels, a company planning a hydrogen plant in Nova Scotia, and German utility Uniper will negotiate a deal to purchase 500,000 tons of green ammonia, a method of transporting hydrogen in liquid form. signed a memorandum for Forms — shipping as early as 2025.
Given that prior to Mr Scholz’s visit, prominent ministers including Chrystia Freeland, Jonathan Wilkinson and Stephen Gilboat had publicly discussed the role of East Coast LNG exports to Europe in recent weeks. , it seemed possible to trade energy, including liquefied natural gas (LNG). But speculation turned to hydrogen when the leader’s itinerary was released without mentioning his LNG.
The joint declaration signed by Canada’s Minister of Natural Resources Wilkinson and Germany’s Deputy Chancellor Robert Habeck does not guarantee that the hydrogen produced by Canada is environmentally friendly.
Nor does it exclude the possibility of other energy agreements, such as those involving LNG.
Rather, the agreement aims to build a market for “hydrogen, especially from renewable sources.” The deal does not have specific targets other than aiming to export hydrogen from Canada to Germany by 2025 at the earliest, but it will help countries “define what is clean, low-carbon and renewable.” Develop common methodologies that work.” the hydrogen. ”
“Unlocking the potential of hydrogen is an integral part of government plans for a sustainable economic future. as well as potential export opportunities,” Wilkinson said in a statement.
The joint statement signed on Tuesday was ambiguous, said Caroline Brouillette, national policy manager at Climate Action Network Canada. In different respects, it generally refers to “renewable hydrogen”, “low carbon hydrogen”, “ultra-low carbon hydrogen”, and “hydrogen”. This is because Germany is focused on green hydrogen made from renewable power such as wind and solar, while Canada has an interest in promoting both blue and green. reveals important differences in the preferences of
“Canadian definition of clean hydrogen completely masks our continued reliance on the fossil economy.”
Canada says it’s not focused on color, it’s on emissions.However, as previously reported Canadian National Observeras of last summer, Canada Natural Resources believed that “Canada’s oil and gas sector is well-positioned to develop a domestic hydrogen supply chain” and therefore “asked financial institutions to develop blue hydrogen projects.” I was interested in learning how to “persuade them to invest in
“Canadian definition of clean hydrogen completely masks our continued reliance on the fossil economy,” said Brouillette.
“Obviously some of these definitional issues are still being worked out,” she said, referring to what is considered clean. “I think the content of the agreement shows that these are very active conversations between countries in terms of what kind of hydrogen is acceptable. We strongly hope that the classification will take precedence over Canada’s “clean hydrogen”. euphemism.
“Canada has seen the language of the weasel used in the past to dilute or reduce the ambition and rigor of climate policy. I’m guessing,” she added.
Germany, on the other hand, has made it clear that it is only interested in green hydrogen.
“Green hydrogen is key to a climate-neutral economy. We must resolutely pursue climate change mitigation to ensure our prosperity and freedom,” Habaek said in a statement.
“The Hydrogen Alliance between Canada and Germany is an important milestone that will accelerate the deployment of green hydrogen into international markets and pave the way for new transatlantic cooperation. We aim to build a supply chain,” he added.
This hydrogen alliance is the culmination of Scholz’s first official visit to Canada. The two countries signed a memorandum of understanding to set up an energy partnership last March, specifically referring to cooperation on “clean hydrogen”. Canada also discussed the development of a hydrogen market with Germany at her COP26 climate conference last November, according to briefing materials prepared for the meeting between the two countries. “Creating Canadian and German markets for hydrogen is an important goal for our country,” the document said. Canadian National Observer It was allegedly obtained through a federal government request for access to information.
Beyond this agreement with Germany, Canada is working hard on the international stage to advance its vision of a hydrogen economy. The country will participate in the International Energy Agency’s Hydrogen Technology Collaboration Program and its Global Hydrogen Review, the Hydrogen Initiative under the Clean Energy Ministerial, the Hydrogen Ports Alliance (including Vancouver, Montreal and Halifax), and Mission Innovation’s Clean Hydrogen. I am actively participating in the initiative. missions and some others. These are all basically international working groups with other countries and institutions.
Canada’s Hydrogen Strategy, released in late 2020, outlines eight pillars that will guide the growth of the hydrogen industry and plans strategic partnerships, de-risking investments and working with international partners to grow the hydrogen economy. counted as the center.
In the Canadian-German hydrogen alliance, the devil is in the details
Source link In the Canadian-German hydrogen alliance, the devil is in the details